Brazil’s indigenous rights hinge on one tribe’s legal battle
Lazaro Kamlem, 47, cacique of Palmeira village stands in a wood canoe in Itajai river in Xokleng Laklano indigenous land, Jose Boiteux, Santa Catarina state, Brazil. Kamlem is a descendent of Shaman Kamlem, the Xokleng medicine man who said on his deathbed in 1925 that they would lose their land to “white men,” but would one day gain it back. “We are here and we will resist to the end. This struggle will not be over,” said Kamlem. REUTERS/Amanda Perobelli
People sit around a bonfire in Xokleng Laklano indigenous land in Jose Boiteux, Santa Catarina state, Brazil. The Xokleng number some 3,000 people today, crowding into their 14,156 hectares of hilly territory, where landslides threaten homes and most land is too steep for agriculture. REUTERS/Amanda Perobelli
Xokleng indigenous people sing in their own language around a bonfire during a reunion in Xokleng Laklano indigenous land, Jose Boiteux, Santa Catarina state, Brazil. REUTERS/Amanda Perobelli
Joao Pate, 78, a former ‘cacique’ or chief, poses for a photograph in Xokleng Laklano indigenous land, Jose Boiteux, Santa Catarina state, Brazil. The Xokleng were cleared off their traditional hunting grounds over a century ago to make room for European settlers, mostly Germans fleeing economic and political turmoil. “Before they killed us with guns, now they kill us with the stroke of a pen,” said Pate. REUTERS/Amanda Perobelli
A general view shows a sawmill on land which the Xokleng indigenous people claim as their territory in Vitor Meireles, Santa Catarina state, Brazil, August 16, 2021. Picture taken with a drone. The Xokleng number some 3,000 people today, crowding into their 14,156 hectares of hilly territory, where landslides threaten homes and most land is too steep for agriculture. They claim a further 24,000 hectares (9,300 square miles) of rich tobacco country that they say belonged to them for centuries before settlers moved in. REUTERS/Amanda Perobelli
Hurricane Ida plowed into Louisiana from the Gulf of Mexico as a fierce Category 4 storm on Sunday (August 29), lashing the coast with 150 mile-per-hour winds, torrential downpours and pounding surf that submerged much of the shoreline under several feet of water.
Power was knocked out Sunday night to the entire New Orleans metropolitan area with the failure of all eight transmission lines that deliver electricity to Louisiana’s largest city, the utility company Entergy Louisiana reported.
One transmission tower collapsed into the Mississippi River, according to the Jefferson Parish Emergency Management Department.
U.S. President Joe Biden declared a major disaster in Louisiana, ordering federal assistance to bolster recovery efforts in more than two-dozen storm-stricken parishes.
Ida slammed ashore around noon near Port Fourchon, Louisiana, a hub of the Gulf’s offshore energy industry, blasting the coast with hurricane-force winds extending 50 miles (80 km) out from the eye of the storm. Landfall came 16 years to the day after Hurricane Katrina, one of the most catastrophic on record, struck the Gulf Coast.
Sunday night, the sheriff’s office in Ascension Parish reported the first known U.S. fatality from the storm – a 60-year-old man killed by a tree falling on his home near Baton Rouge, the state capital.
Flash flooding was reported by the National Hurricane Center across southeastern Louisiana. Nearly all offshore Gulf oil production was suspended, and major ports along the Louisiana and Mississippi coasts were closed to shipping.
Residents of the most vulnerable coastal areas were ordered to evacuate days in advance of Ida. Those riding out the storm in their homes in New Orleans, less than 100 miles inland to the north, braced for the toughest test yet of major upgrades to a levee system constructed following devastating floods in 2005 from Katrina.
The storm’s approach forced the suspension of emergency medical services in New Orleans and elsewhere across a state already reeling from a fourth wave of COVID-19 infections that has strained Louisiana’s healthcare system.
Officials of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers said they expected the city’s newly reinforced levees to hold, though they said they said the flood walls could be overtopped in some places.
Hundreds of miles of new levees were built around New Orleans after flooding from Katrina inundated much of the low-lying city, especially historically Black neighborhoods. That monster storm claimed more than 1,800 lives.
Power outages were widespread in the first hours of the storm, with more than 1 million Louisiana homes and businesses losing electricity by late Sunday night, according to the tracking site Poweroutage.US.
Just three days after emerging as a tropical storm in the Caribbean Sea, Ida had intensified into a Category 4 hurricane and swept ashore with top sustained winds of 150 miles per hour (240 km per hour), the National Hurricane Center (NHC) reported.
As Ida pushed inland past to New Orleans over the next 10 hours, its maximum sustained winds diminished to 105 mph, ranking it as a Category 1 storm on the five-step Saffir-Simpson hurricane wind scale, according to the NHC.
Inundation from Ida’s storm surge – high surf driven by the hurricane’s winds – was reported to be exceeding predicted levels of 6 feet (1.8 m) along parts of the coast. Videos posted on social media showed storm surge flooding had transformed sections of Highway 90 along the Louisiana and Mississippi coast into a choppy river.
The NHC also warned of potentially catastrophic wind damage and up to 2 feet (61 cm) of rainfall in some areas.
Offshore energy operations in the region were at a virtual standstill. The Bureau of Safety and Environmental Enforcement (BSEE) said nearly 300 offshore oil and gas platforms were evacuated, cutting Gulf-based petroleum and natural gas production by 96% and 94%, respectively.